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Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Where Form 4797 Involuntary

Instructions and Help about Where Form 4797 Involuntary

This section discusses involuntary conversions and casualty and theft losses. Involuntary conversions occur when you no longer have ownership of a property due to destruction, such as floods, theft, seizure by the government, or threat of condemnation. In these cases, you may be reimbursed by an insurance company or city for more than the original value of the property. If you receive a gain from an involuntary conversion or loss, you have two options: keep the cash or replace the lost property. However, gains from involuntary conversions are deferred if you buy or replace similar property. There are specific rules regarding what is considered similar property, depending on whether it is real estate or personal property. It is also important for the replaced property to match the previous use. The deadline to replace the property is within two years after the year of the gain, or three years in the case of condemnation. For example, if a property is condemned in the middle of 2014, you have until the end of 2017 to replace it. If you experience a loss in an involuntary conversion, you must take the loss, but you have the choice to either pay the tax on the gain or defer it until you sell the replacement property. Boot, which is usually cash or assumed liabilities, plays a role in involuntary conversions. If you receive boot, you may have additional cash or assets to pay taxes on any gains. When receiving boot, the recognized gain is the lesser of the realized gain or the boot received. Your basis in the boot received is its fair market value, which can be easily determined if it is cash. If it is not cash, you may need an appraisal to determine its value. If you exchange properties, the new property...