Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Can Form 4797 Calculator

Instructions and Help about Can Form 4797 Calculator

How does this gain or loss affect your taxes well you can't really say on an individual basis meaning if you're looking at one property you sold unless that's the only property her item you sold for the year and that's because of the netting rules for all gains and losses in addition to just actual assets that you own and sell included in the netting process is amounts that flow through to you through activity like in mutual funds or retirement plans partnership or other types of investments so it's very common to see capital gains flow through for the netting process there are two major categories first is business use assets and second is capital asset for the business use assets these are items that you use to earn income these would be common for you to have if you're self-employed now capital assets include most other assets that people own and within this category there are two types because of different rules the first is personal use assets which is your home your car's household furnishings collectible items boats toys etc the second category is investment assets and these are items that are held for investment like stocks and bonds but note that this does not include the business use asset and rental homes have their own specific rules that I talked about in another video so the IRS provides a list of what is not capital assets specifically because there's so many items that are included in this category so if you hold items to resell to customers that's actually considered inventory for your business and there are very specific rules for that as well and it is not included in the gain or loss calculation the first criteria in calculating the netting process is based on the amount of time you own the property which is called the holding period and this is called short-term if you own the item for less than one year and long-term if you held the asset for more than one year for the netting process in general all of your short-term gains and losses are netted for a net short-term gain or short-term loss and the same for long-term now if the short term and long term net amounts are both gains or both losses then the process stops there however if one is loss and one is a gain then continue to net for what's called a net short-term or long-term gain or loss gains and losses are either treated as ordinary or capital short-term gains or losses are always considered ordinary which means there is no preferential treatment for short-term gains are taxed at your ordinary income tax rate for the year and for losses there is no deduction now if you end up with a net capital loss up to $3,000 can be deducted from your income each year but if you're limited because your losses are greater than 3000 you can actually carry that excess amount that wasn't deducted forward to be deducted and included in the next year's calculation on the other hand if you have a net capital gain there are preferential tax rates so that you're always paying a lower tax rate than your ordinary income tax bracket for capital assets losses related to your personal use category are actually not included for the $3,000 deduction only the investment assets and also most of the business use asset so yes they will tax you if you have a gain on those personal use assets and if you have a loss there's no deduction but for the business use assets the gains and losses will be categorized as ordinary or capital as well and go through the same netting process but there is more calculation and rules for the business use assets because of depreciation so depreciation affects a calculating the adjusted basis for the sale of the business property in the gain or loss calculation and there's also steps for recapturing depreciation at ordinary rates so the netting process is reported with your individual tax return and is calculated on Schedule D capital gains and losses and form 8949 sales and other dispositions of capital assets for business use assets the calculation begins on Form 47 97 sale of business property and then amounts flow to the other forms as required thanks for watching and let me know if you have any questions in the comments below